Whatever the truth of the matter, Odenathus definitely upset somebody, as both he and the son he bore to his first wife were assassinated in roughly AD.
Zabdas initially defeated the 50, strong Roman garrison, with his own forces of 70, Odenathus, even found time to crush a rebellion against Rome in the meantime. The extent to which the city was sacked is unclear ; but whether the subsequent decline was sudden or slow, it appears this marked the end for Palmyra as a power in the ancient world.
In reply, according to one version, Shapur was said to have forced Valerian to swallow molten gold the other version of his death is almost the same but it says that Valerian was killed by being flayed alive and then had the unfortunate Valerian skinned and his skin stuffed with straw and preserved as a trophy in the main Persian temple.
This time Aurelian returned with a vengeance. Gallus was killed by his own troops, who joined Aemilianus before Valerian arrived. Certainly its location directly between Rome and Persia gave the city a prime position to control Roman trade not just with Arabia and Mesopotamia, but also with India and China.
Unfortunately for him, however, he was resoundingly defeated, and even captured by the Sassanian king, Shapur. Palmyra came into focus as being an important city with no power of its own and yet it rose to threaten the two powerful empires of the day; Rome and Persia. Shapur used the remaining soldiers in engineering and development plans.
Nevertheless, even he would have to acknowledge that the ruins of Palmyra are hardly the first to be destroyed by depraved fanatics, nor are they liable to be the last. This forced Zabdas to return to Egypt. The Palmyrenes, led by Odenathus, began by posing as Roman allies.
The first, sent incommanded Christian clergy to perform sacrifices to the Roman gods or face banishment. The truce was betrayed by Shapur, who seized Valerian and held him prisoner for the remainder of his life. The first, sent incommanded Christian clergy to perform sacrifices to the Roman gods or face banishment.
You always have to wonder how it must feel to have a failure so grand, it still stands thousands of years later, commemorated in stone. Consequently, she took matters into her own hands. Consul inhe was probably killed by usurpers, some time between the capture of his father in and the assassination of his brother Gallienus in Details of his early life are elusive, but for his marriage to Egnatia Marinianawho gave him two sons: Syncellus pp,7 pg 76  Ibidem: According to this version of events, after a long period of such treatment, Valerian offered Shapur a huge ransom for his release.
Details of his early life are elusive, but for his marriage to Egnatia Marinianawho gave him two sons: The kneeling man is probably Philip the Arab. It was further alleged that it was only after a later Persian defeat against Rome that his skin was given a cremation and burial.
At this point, the Romans revealed their ruse and rallied. In fact, the sole contemporary image we have of Zenobia is a coin minted during her reign. Byhe had recovered Antioch and returned the province of Syria to Roman control. This became crucially important in the third century AD when things were starting to look pretty grim for Rome.
The truce was betrayed by Shapur, who seized Valerian and held him prisoner for the remainder of his life. Due to this ability a member of the ruling family, Septimius Odaenathus, was made a senator in Rome. The kneeling man is probably Philip the Arab. The first, sent incommanded Christian clergy to perform sacrifices to the Roman gods or face banishment.capture of the Roman emperor Valerian at the gates of Edessa, probably inwas the high point of his conquests in the west.
On Shāpūr’s return to Ctesiphon the ruler of Palmyra, Septimius Odaenathus (also called Odainath), attacked.
Quietus was the son of Fulvius Macrianus and a noblewoman, possibly named Junia.
According to Historia Augusta, he was a military tribune under Valerian, but this information is challenged by historians. He gained the imperial office with his brother Macrianus Minor, after the capture of Emperor Valerian in the Sassanid campaign of Reign: (with, Macrianus Minor).
Start studying Roman Empire Questions/Answers. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. In AD, Persia inflicted a heavy defeat on the Romans when they overran the eastern provinces and captured Valerian, the Roman emperor, at Edessa. At this point the fall of the Roman Empire was well underway, and the city of Palmyra (located near Syria), which had been working as a semi-independent city state for two and a half centuries.
The Roman emperor, Valerian, was not going to stand for this in any way, and headed east to deal with this upstart dynasty. Unfortunately for him, however, he was resoundingly defeated, and even captured by the Sassanian king, Shapur.
Palmyra was set around an oasis in the desert a busy trading place on the Silk Road full ‘of the camel caravans.’ Palmyra had a great deal of history and became a bustling city independent of foreign rule, set between two very powerful Empires; Rome and the Sasanid Persian Empire, Palmyra became adapt at balancing peace between the two .Download