But how can Diamond account for the diseases that Europeans carried to distant shores being so much deadlier to the locals than the diseases they carried were to Europeans?
In the introduction Diamond clarifies that he chose these specific societies because they can teach us something about modern societies, but this requires a superhuman flight of imagination. That is an approximation at best. He calls those facts the "proximate causes" of the present Eurasian dominance of the world.
When Diamond first visited Montana 50 years ago, it was one of the most prosperous and environmentally pristine states Diamonds thesis in collapse the Diamonds thesis in collapse.
Yet none of them are trying to justify murder, rape, genocide, or disease—indeed, their attempt to understand them is often motivated by the desire to prevent them.
If Diamond were true to his project of turning history into a deductive-nomological science, he ought to proceed to formulate a quantitative law governing just how far from the mother country a colony can survive, given any particular amount of wealth and any number of residents in the colonizer.
For example, there are nine widely separated places on the globe—the Fertile Crescent, China, Mesoamerica, the Andes, the African Sahel, tropical West Africa, Ethiopia, and New Guinea—where food production seems likely to have arisen independently. For example, in his effort to squeeze the course of real events into his conceptual scheme and thereby demonstrate his "laws," Diamond often has to put a good deal of spin on historical episodes.
Chapter 15 considers the environmental policies of big businesses, many of which are viewed as, and some of which actually are, among the most environmentally destructive forces in the world today.
In Collapse, Jared Diamond uses that elemental power of nature as his background, but fills his foreground with an astonishing cavalcade of different peoples and cultures from across the planet.
Part One describes the environment of the US state of Montanafocusing on the lives of several individuals to put a human face on the interplay between society and the environment.
The first part of the book focuses on reasons why only a few species of wild plants and animals proved suitable for domestication. Late in the book, he puts two maps of the world side by side.
That enables the emergence of producers who can specialize in craft manufacture, because once a society reaches a situation in which the labor of one person can supply more food than is needed simply to keep him alive, some members of the group do not need to devote themselves to procuring sustenance.
But no similar facts are given to the historian. However, if he had comprehended the true character of historical explanation, he would have seen that he was battling a chimera.
Diamond is at pains to stress the objectivity he has brought to bear on a sequence of collapse scenarios that often continue to generate serious controversy, and for the most part until the final chapter leaves it up to the reader to draw down any conclusions from these scenarios that may be relevant to our own societies today.
His starting point and most lovingly elaborated case study is Easter Island "the clearest example of a society that destroyed itself by overexploiting its own resources"which he invites the reader to see as a "metaphor, a worst-case scenario for what may lie ahead of us in our own future".
Conclusions[ edit ] In the last chapter, he discusses environmental problems facing modern societies and addresses objections that are often given to dismiss the importance of environmental problems section "One-liner objections" .
To answer the first of the above questions, Diamond begins by noting that the pace of technological development in a society depends heavily on its ability to create a food surplus. Diamond may well see in the extraordinary response of the rich world to those countries shattered by the Indian Ocean tsunami precisely the kind of empathy and engagement on which our ability to avoid ecological collapse will surely depend.
He has assembled a cornucopia of interesting facts and plausible insights concerning the course of events over the last 13, years. Specifically, Diamond thinks that societies cause their own collapse by causing a collapse of the environment that supports them.
The book suggests that some practices of traditional societies could be usefully adopted in the modern industrial world today, either by individuals or else by society as a whole. Today we have very rich states like Qatar that occupy deserts; we have rich states that specialize in investing money in other states Singapore ; and we have states whose economy has improved dramatically not because of different attitudes towards the environment or military conquests but because of ideological shifts following the Cold War.
Why did societies that were as powerful as the Khmer Empire, and as brilliantly creative as the Maya, abandon the sites into which they had invested such enormous effort for so many centuries?
The knowledge gained through historical inquiry enables us to see how the myriad decisions and actions of our predecessors, the ideas they held, the ideals to which they aspired, the gods they worshipped, and the demons they feared, all combined to create the world in which we find ourselves today.
As he notes, "psychologists try to understand the minds of murderers and rapists Why have some societies succeeded in solving problems that defeated other societies, or why have some societies faced less severe problems than have other societies?
See Nock,and Rothbard, Diamond has reverted to the view of history held by 19th-century positivists, who believed that the historian is presented with a collection of "historical facts," and that his job is to discover the "laws" or "historical forces" that explain those facts.
We might have "theories" on what happened there, but "clearest" sounds a bit exaggerated. It turns out that the study Diamond cites was severely flawed, showing no evidence of using a genuine control group or random sampling to choose participants.
Global warming, leach mining, tourism, and libertarian values knock heads in a particularly violent way under the Big Sky.
All of those specific questions about the last phases await answers. The problems discussed include dividing space, resolving disputes, bringing up children, treatment of elders, dealing with dangers, formulating religions, learning multiple languages, and remaining healthy.
As a result, when Europeans first encountered American Indians, it was the Europeans, and not the Indians, who carried the deadly crowd diseases. The third part compares the development of food production and of human societies among different continents and world regions.
Such low-density cities were formerly widespread in seasonally wet tropical environments, other examples having existed in Sri Lanka, Java, Thailand, Vietnam, Myanmar, and of course in the Maya area.
The deductive-nomological model of science claims that a genuinely scientific explanation of an event consists in deducing the occurrence of the event from a set of empirical laws and initial conditions.
This is a country that has chosen to avoid collapse through a combination of solidarity and smart engineering. And Darwinian selection took care of the ones that did it less well. In fact, one of the main lesson to be learned from the collapses of the Maya, Anasazi, Easter Islanders, and those other past societies [Category: Essays on Jared Diamond’s “COLLAPSE” WSP Staff reads different chapters from “Collapse” by Jared Diamond and share their own critical insights through short essays.
Essays on Jared Diamond's "COLLAPSE". The Diamond Fallacy. 0 Views. Tags The Police State U.S.
Economy. 03/28/ Gene Callahan. Collapse. I will address the subject of policy in the conclusion of this article. Diamond's Thesis. Diamond's central conception is that the course of history, broadly speaking, is not determined by individual actions, cultural factors, or racial.
Collapse: How Societies Choose to Fail or Succeed is my fourth book written for a broad public. It was first published ina revised edition with an added chapter on Angkor appeared inand National Geographic released a documentary film based on the book.
Aug 24, · What is Jared Diamond thesis in Collapse? Follow. 1 answer 1. Report Abuse. Are you sure you want to delete this answer? Jared Diamond "Collapse" Central argument question.? Guns, germs and steel, what is Jared Diamond's thesis?
More questions. What is Jared Diamonds Thesis?Guns,Germs,and Steel.? Jared Diamond book collapse Status: Resolved. Get an answer for 'What is Jared Diamond's thesis?explain using historial evidence why Eurocentric and racist explainations for Yalis question are seen by Diamond and many historians today as.
Jared Diamond: How societies can grow old better (TED) Collapse: How Societies Choose to Fail or Succeed at The Earth Institute at Columbia University, April The Evolution of Religions on YouTube at the Center for Religion and Civic Culture, University of Southern California.Download