In such a village, production was Commercialization of agriculture essay by its self-sufficient character. One important aspect of British economic policy was commercialization of agriculture.
Moreover, commercialization of Indian agriculture got manifested in series of famines which took a heavy toll of life. However, most of the Indian people suffered miserably due to the British policy of commercialization of Indian agriculture.
On the other hand anti-imperialist historiography both nationalist and radical Marxist emphasizing the negative impact of commercialization of agriculture and the integration implied that agricultural production in India was to be determined by imperial preferences and needs Bhatia, They naturally turned to the money-lender, who came to occupy a place of unprecedented Commercialization of agriculture essay in the rural economy.
Government attached excessive importance in maintaining war related production, as a result of which a comprehensive system of supplying food to the urban areas at controlled prices was put in place.
Even the peasant proprietors were handicapped by the lack of capital, all resources having been concentrated in the hands of the money-lander. There were, however, two crops which could not be grown all over the country. All these people them crowded into agriculture as an alternative occupation, thereby steadily adding to the deadly over-pressure on agriculture in India—a feature that still exists in our agrarian economy.
The consumption of food was then estimated at one and a half pound per individual and in it was 1 pound. The net result of this change was that Indian failed to produce even that much food crops which could provide even two square meals a day to its population.
Agricultural development suffered due to the paucity of resources which the farmer required for technological improvements. Another important aspect of commercialisation of agriculture is worth noting here.
However, it provides for a national economy and also brought about regional specialization of crops on an efficient basis. Failure to pay debt in time meant loss of land to the money lender at high interest rates.
In such a self-sufficient community, which had only a few exchanges to make with the outside world, the need for money was rarely felt. Karl Marx on Colonialism and Modernization.
However, the causes were more diverse and multi-pronged, with the decrease in costs and economic deflation of the post-war period being one of the main reasons.
The farmer, in fact, was made to bear repeatedly the burden of instability in prices. The revolution was caused when, from onwards, the new and more efficient steamships began to replace the old, slow moving sailing vessels, especially on long distance routes.
This helped ease the challenges facing the farmers and enabled representatives of the farmers win several political positions. Between andmarkets for cotton in Bombay Presidency, jute in Bengal, sugarcane in the United Provinces, groundnut in Madras expanded.
Managing Agency Houses—a multifaceted institutions of trade and finance created by the ex-servants of the EIC and merchants—provided the necessary capital for the expansion of indigo cultivation. As a result, huge stocks of goods were piled up without being used.
This becomes ample from the fact that ill India had a surplus of foodstuffs to the extent of five million tons and by it had a deficit of 10 million tons.
This phase was characterised by the intrusion of foreign capital. British industries then were the most developed in the world and, what is more, they were still expanding. Phases of Commercialisation of Afgriculture 3. Food exports from the country steadily increased, reaching 1.
Beforepeasants in this region produced simultaneously both cotton and wheat, jowar and bajra mainly for meeting their own requirements. Thus the combination of the long term trend of decline in per head production of foodgrains, a rise in per head production of exportable and the effects of deteriorating terms of trade created a set of pre-famine conditions in the sense that any substantial shock to the economic system under these circumstances was almost certain to precipitate famine in the absence of countervailing intervention.
The opening of the Suez canal in was another event of world-wide importance. With the revolution in transport, Indian handicraft urban industries could not withstand the onslaught of foreign competition.
Thus, the commercialization of agriculture in India by the British was also one of the important causes of the impoverishment of the Indian people.
The depression in British shipping was brought when, with the opening of the Suez Canal, the distance between England and the East was reduced and a good many ships were rendered surplus.
As India was linked up with foreign markets, price movements and business fluctuations in the world markets began to affect the fortunes of the Indian farmer to a degree never seen before. The village grew its own food, made its own implements and produced small-quantities of cotton and oil seeds—all for its own requirements.Chapter 5 Commercialization of Agriculture profitable and this economic incentive led them to produce for sale and export.
commercialization of agriculture After the Civil War, there was a social and political agitation to address the issue of slavery within the United States. Slavery was among the factors that initiated the Civil War and after the war; many states stopped the slavery institution. Commercialisation of Agriculture: Meaning, Phases and Consequences | Indian Economic History.
Consequences. Commercialisation of Agriculture # Meaning: By commercialisation of agriculture we mean production of agricultural crops for sale in the market, rather than for family consumption.
In the process of commercialization of. Commercialization of agriculture which can be defined as a process where peasants start producing primarily for sale in distant markets, rather than to meet their own need for food or to sell in local markets, (Roy, ) has taken place at different times in response to different stimuli.
Farm – Level Determinants of Agricultural Commercialization Chukwukere Austin Okezie 1,*, Jamalludin Sulaiman, Farm - Level Determinants of Agricultural Commercialization. Farm. agriculture. Commercialization. 2. 2:. ADVERTISEMENTS: In this article we will discuss about the commercialization of agriculture: 1.
Subject-Matter 2. Causes 3. Process 4. Effects. Commercialisation of Agriculture # Subject-Matter: Till the end of the first half of the 19th century, the Indian village was essentially self-sufficient.
It had hardly any contact with the world outside except for the occasional [ ].Download